What are the categories of industrial pet food?
There are three main categories of industrial pet food:
First-class (premium and super-premium)
Feeds of different categories differ in their nutritional value, balance, composition and variety of ingredients, digestibility, taste and, accordingly, price. The quality of any feed depends primarily on: the quality of raw materials from which the feed is made;
the recipe for which it is made
the equipment on which this feed is produced.
Feed that is classified as “economical” is usually made from the most affordable and cheap raw materials for the production site. Manufacturers of these feeds do not always ensure that the feed meets the physiological needs of animals in different periods of life, and do not guarantee the excess content of certain nutrients and toxic compounds in the feed. These feeds are among the cheapest and least quality products. The main motive for their production is the low cost of feed. However, little attention is paid to the nutritional value of the product.
Most of the “regular” feed categories have a variable composition of ingredients, which depends on the availability of raw materials and their cost. Some ingredients (table salt, calcium phosphate, vegetable oil, etc.) are standard. The content of other ingredients (fish, meat, offal, cereals, bone meal) varies significantly depending on their availability. If there is insufficient control, this may affect the quality of the feed. The main attractive point when choosing these feeds is an affordable price and good taste. If the food is cheap, well eaten by animals, does not cause constipation or other negative effects, then owners often choose this brand of food. In addition, some buyers believe that: “the more, the better.” That is, the more protein, calcium and phosphorus contained in the feed, the better it is. This erroneous misconception is often taken into account by producers of this category of feed.
These feeds are fully balanced in accordance with the optimal needs of the animals and adapted to certain age periods and the physiological state of the animals. The use of only high-quality ingredients in their preparation is determined by expediency, not their price. Due to the high digestibility and good balance, the consumption of these feeds is lower than when using low-quality feeds for animal feeding. First-class feeds are also distinguished by the fact that after their consumption, a smaller volume of feces is formed, due to a high degree of digestibility. Many varieties of these feeds are produced, intended for feeding animals at different age periods, as well as at different levels of activity.
What are the advantages of feeding animals with ready-made industrial diets?
Feeding with ready-made food is very convenient for animal owners. There is no need to spend a lot of time buying fresh food, preparing and balancing your diet. Moreover, it is not guaranteed to do this, provided that the owner of the house does not have a biochemical laboratory that allows for a complete analysis of the finished diet. In the production of high-quality industrial feed, samples are taken from each batch and tested in independent laboratories. The result is a “guaranteed analysis” that is indicated on feed packages. Thanks to this, the owner knows exactly how much protein, fat, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals are guaranteed to enter the animal’s body every day.This is especially important when it comes to therapeutic diets, where the benefits of ready-made diets specifically designed for specific diseases and conditions are obvious. After all, diet therapy in some cases is the most effective method of treatment. It is almost impossible to ensure a strictly controlled intake of certain substances, sometimes measured in milligrams, with home-made food. For example, you can compare the nutritional value of meat, which is most often used in the preparation of home diets, with the needs of the animal, based on the energy needs of the body, which is the first step in the preparation of diets.
There are currently three main types of animal feed available:
– dry (6-10% moisture)
– semi-dry (23-40% moisture)
– canned (68-78% moisture)