Allergy in dogs. Diagnosis or sentence?
“Undesirable reaction to food” or” dietary hypersensitivity ” is a set of physiological reactions or clinical manifestations that develop as a result of a pathological reaction to a substance obtained with food.
Clinically, it can manifest as an immunological reaction (true Allergy) or a chemical or toxic reaction (intolerance). It is necessary to distinguish between food allergies and food intolerance. Food Allergy is a true Allergy and is manifested by such characteristic symptoms as itching and skin problems associated with food allergies. Food intolerance is an adverse reaction to a particular food that does not involve the immune system. It covers a wide range of undesirable food reactions, including the lack of vital digestive enzymes and sensitivity to certain foods.
Unlike allergies, symptoms of food intolerance increase gradually. More food is required for their appearance. Often, an undesirable reaction occurs to regular feed intake. Symptoms of food intolerance can disappear completely if the food is excluded from the diet. It is not known why some dogs are allergic to a specific allergen, while others are not. Often traced hereditary and pedigree predisposition.
Labradors, sharpies, boxers, German shepherds, English and American bulldogs, etc. have a higher risk of food allergies. The disease can be mediated by immune and non-immune mechanisms. But it is not always possible to clearly distinguish the nature of an Allergy. Allergies can be difficult to manage and chronic. The greatest relevance is food allergies, which account for about 10% of all types of allergies in dogs. They are manifested by systemic reactions: skin (itching of any localization, dry skin, focal hair loss, unpleasant skin odor, external otitis, lacrimation, secondary bacterial complications are also possible when infection of the combs); gastroenterological (unpleasant smell from the mouth, vomiting, bloating, increased gas formation, unformed stool).
Attention! These symptoms can also occur in other diseases! Violations in the diet also make the body more sensitive to allergens. In particular, in carnivores, this is the presence of flour products, sweets, cereals in the diet, as well as a violation of the dog’s feeding regime.
There are some foods that are most likely to cause food allergies. In descending order, the most common are: beef, dairy products, chicken, wheat, corn, and soy. If Your dog has a food Allergy or food intolerance, do not read the name of the food, look carefully at the composition!
Almost all lines of super-premium feeds contain “Lamb with rice”. Let’s look at an example:
Ingredients BOSH Sensitive Lamb with rice Ingredients Feed N Lamb with rice Ingredients: rice (min. 37.5%), lamb meat flour (min. 20%), barley, animal fat, rice gluten, potato protein, beet pulp, whole egg (dehydrated), Flaxseed, hydrolyzed meat, peas, dietary fiber (cellulose), yeast (dehydrated), table salt, potassium chloride, mussel flour, new Zealand green-lipped shellfish extract (a natural product for maintaining connective tissue and joint health), chicory powder chicken meat Flour, etc. Turkey, ground wheat, ground corn, soy flour, animal fat, beet pulp, ground rice, lamb digest, vegetable oil, dry whole egg, flax seed, digest, disodium phosphate, oat fiber, potassium chloride, salt, vitamin e, choline chloride, L-tryptophan, vitamin C, L-lysine hydrochloride, zinc oxide, taurine,iron sulfate, beta-carotene, manganese oxide, copper sulfate, calcium Iodate, sodium Selenite, vitamin A, D-activated animal Sterol (source of vitamin D3), Niacin, thiamine, folic acid, calcium Pantothenate, pyridoxine hydrochloride, Riboflavin, Biotin, Vitamin B12. Contains an EU-approved antioxidant.
We see that in feed N lamb is only an additional source of protein (it is on the 8th place in the list). Rice is located in the 7th place. The composition is dominated by chicken and Turkey flour, wheat, corn and soy. For dogs with allergies to these ingredients, diet N is strictly contraindicated.
In the BOSH Sensitive feed Lamb with Rice, the main ingredients are directly lamb and rice. This diet can be recommended for dogs with food allergies to chicken or corn, as well as for dogs with food intolerance to these products. They can be fed to the dog throughout life. Allergy in a dog is a diagnosis, not a sentence! Choose the right diet for it, and you will need to contact a veterinarian only once a year in order to make Your dog another vaccination.