A balanced diet – do you need it?
On the one hand, it may seem that the need for a balanced diet is obvious, because it is good when a dog or cat gets as much and as necessary. But it’s not that simple. As already mentioned above, the most important rules of feeding are typical for this type of animal and moderation (no overeating). The animal or human body has huge adaptive capabilities and a temporary lack or temporary excess of a component of the animal’s diet does not pose a great threat to health. Thus, if you follow these two rules for feeding the animal, the need for special food balancing disappears completely. The concept of balanced feed is introduced into the minds of doctors and patients by feed manufacturers with the sole purpose of complicating the process of feeding the animal, playing on the concern of dog and cat owners about the health of their Pets. Therefore, this concept is nothing more than a marketing slogan- “a balanced diet is a healthy animal”. In fact, this is not the case. A very simple argument for these conclusions is the example of animals whose diet has never been balanced. Wild animals, stray animals, and animals living in rural areas eat very differently, but they are healthier than most Pets. Doesn’t that surprise you?
A balanced diet is necessary for productive animals: sports animals, animals that give milk, meat, etc. the Goal of keeping such animals is to get the maximum benefit (profit). This diet is needed for a cow that instead of 3 months. lactation is milked for 10 months. A fattening steer that must gain a certain weight by a certain age. Sport horse, that is at times unimaginable load. All of these types of animals do not experience physiological (not natural) loads, which requires the most accurate calculation of the diet, since a lack of food leads to a loss of production or disease, and an excess of food will lead to unnecessary economic costs. In this regard, a balanced diet in relation to Pets is no more than a beautiful phrase.
Important! In feeding animals, it is necessary to observe not so much a balanced diet, as the consistency of natural food components and moderation in their quantity. As you can see, we are not talking about any figures or percentages. See epigraph.
I will give as a clear example a case from my own practice. After several years of custody of the yard mongrel dog, the family decided to take the dog to the apartment. After a short time, the animal began to get sick with pyodermatitis (skin lesions), although during life on the street, no problems were observed. The case is indicative of the fact that even the street lifestyle of the dog was more physiological than the home one. In order to find out the reasons, you need to make a difference between apartment and yard maintenance.
Regular consumption of food, which is rare on the street (where they rather do not eat, than pass);
Less prolonged exercise than before;
A higher temperature in the apartment than on the street, which does not allow the dog to spend extra calories on warming the body;
Lack of fresh air in sufficient quantity.
The example clearly demonstrates the great unnatural nature of the apartment content, compared even with the street in those aspects that directly relate to the issue of quality and quantity of food consumed, as well as energy consumption. Thus, when housing a dog, cat or other animal, it is necessary to bring the image of food and life as close as possible to the natural, natural.
The whole complex of violations already exists and the only question is the strength of the animal’s body itself, that is, how long and well the body will withstand this unnatural load. Of course, the above does not mean that in order to cure a Shar-Pei or a Sheepdog, it must be thrown out on the street, but it is necessary to change what can be changed. Namely: 1. The specific consistency of the components. 2. Moderation in the amount of food.
Even if the owner is poor and unable to feed the dog properly, I will say – ” Feed as much as you can, but do not overfeed porridge and other carbohydrate foods and do not be surprised if you do not follow these rules, if the animal gets sick.