Decorative birds: food by the rules
A well-known specialist in decorative birds V. A. Ostapenko recommends giving the bird a little more food than it can eat. The bird’s appetite is affected by changes in atmospheric pressure: when the pressure drops sharply, the birds eat less than usual, and the same is true in cloudy weather. During the molting period, the pet consumes food in large quantities (it needs nutrients to build a new plumage). Transfer the bird to a new feed should be gradual, even if the animal was fed incorrectly before.
Is home-cooked food suitable for a bird? No! Home-cooked food contains salt which causes of pet poisoning. In the diet of poultry, sodium should not be more than 0.3%. The necessary amount of sodium is initially found in animal products (chicken egg or egg powder, cottage cheese, boiled meat, gammarus, milk powder).
Making the right diet for a bird is not an easy task for an ordinary person. Leading manufacturers of bird feed work closely with research institutes and zoos. The feed formulation is made in accordance with the species, age, and physiological characteristics of the animals. There are also specialized color-enhancing diets that contain carotenoids.
The manufacturer takes the choice of raw materials for feed seriously. Grain for poultry feeding should be used only of good quality, dried, better-a new crop, without impurities of organic residues and metal, with a humidity of 14-16%. Wet grain quickly loses its properties, as it activates the processes of respiration, it is easy to reproduce mold fungi.
A musty smell from the feed packaging may indicate the presence of mold in the grain. The unpleasant smell of grain can also be associated with the presence of weeds containing essential oils, as well as insect parasites.
The presence of insects in the grain worsens the nutritional properties of the grain. The presence of a bug in the feed can be caused by storing grain in a humid and warm room, or by a violation of the packaging’s tightness. How to determine what’s in the box with the feed is a grain of the last harvest? See what a grain mix looks like in daylight. The freshness of the grain is characterized by the gloss, transparency of the shells, and glassy endosperm. Because high-quality grain is collected during the period of milkweed ripeness. Ice cream wheat grain is characterized by whitishness, reticularity of the shell, from this grain the food will deteriorate much faster. If there are a lot of dark grains in a pack of food, it means that the rules for storing raw materials were violated. Highly moistened, then dried (self-heated) grain darkens and loses its luster.
Each pack of food contains storage dates. Expired food is not recommended to feed the bird, as it can cause poisoning.
Steamed porridge for parrots is prepared without adding salt, sugar, milk and oil. Porridge is served in a separate feeder for several hours. The finished porridge can be stored in the refrigerator for no more than 2 days. Sprouted grains are also useful for birds. The sprouting mix can be purchased at a pet store. Suitable grains of oats, millet, wheat, sorghum, sesame.
Nuts in the diet of grain-eating birds should not exceed 5-10% of the diet. Small and medium-sized parrots should be given nuts in crushed form. In limited quantities, you can use apricot and peach seeds, almond and cherry seeds are not recommended.
Fruits and vegetables have low nutritional value, but their carbohydrates are easily digested by birds. Therefore, they are fed in extremely small quantities. Carrots are the most valuable source of carotene, as well as sweet peppers and tomatoes. Beets are a source of sugar and fiber. In winter, parrots can be fed a small amount of citrus.
In small quantities, birds can be fed salad leaves, young beet tops and radishes. It is not recommended to give birds dill and parsley (they contain essential oils that are harmful to Pets). Young branches of plants also serve as a source of trace elements and vitamins.
Important! It is forbidden to collect green food near highways, as this can cause lead poisoning of the animal.
Mineral feeding is a prerequisite for proper poultry keeping. Mineral particles act as a feed shredder in the bird’s muscular stomach. Therefore, each cell must have a special mineral stone.
Water is the basis of all life on Earth. For your Pets, it is better to use softened water that has passed the filter or drinking bottled water without gas with minimal miniralization. Highly chlorinated water can cause poisoning. Water in the drinking bowl must be replaced every day, in the summer-much more often. The bird’s access to water should be around the clock. Over time, a plaque forms on the drinker, which must be cleaned off. Automatic drinkers are considered more hygienic than open ones.