Feed the birds in winter!
According to ornithologists, 8 out of 10 Tits die of starvation in cold winters. Feeders and feeding grounds allow you to save more than half of the birds. It is especially difficult for birds to look for food during heavy snowfalls and frosts.
Urban birds: ducks, pigeons, and sparrows are sedentary synanthropes. Searching for natural food will not allow them to survive the winter on their own. They either search for waste in landfills or feed in public places.
In winter, forest birds arrive in city parks: Tits, creepers, and jays. Thrushes and Pipits feed exclusively on berries in winter and do not visit feeders with grain. Siskins and Redpolls feed in the birches. Oatmeal and Siskins feed on seeds of weeds, visit feeders with a large lack of feed. The bullfinch and titmouse readily and are often used to help people.
If you want to feed wild birds in winter, do it wisely. In nature, birds are constantly searching for food. They quickly get used to places where they are fed and spend a lot of time there. Place the feeder so that not only you, but also other people can replenish it in time. Energy processes in the bird’s body proceed at a high rate. A few hours spent near an empty feeder, the birds could spend searching for food. In severe frosts, this expectation is doubly dangerous, since the bird loses energy and risks freezing.
The bird feeder should be located approximately 1.5-2 meters from the ground, be accessible from 3-4 sides. It can be made in the form of a house or a feeding area and be away from busy trails.
Before filling the feeder, clean it from the remnants of old and moldy food. Fill the food in small portions, closing the bottom of the feeder no more than half. The bird should not feed only from the feeder, but should continue to search for the main food in nature. The diet of wild birds is very diverse, no ready-made grain mix is able to fill all their needs. Wild birds are naturally as good as humans. Always choose the most delicious food from the feeder, they get used to the new food for a long time. Eating only from the feeder, birds do not get the right amount of nutrients, which leads to metabolic disorders.
WHAT CAN’T BE DONE
Ordinary human food can be dangerous for birds. Dry bread is especially harmful, as it swells in the bird’s stomach, taking a lot of water. It is especially not recommended to give black bread, as it can greatly disrupt the digestive processes in the goiter. In addition, soggy bread quickly turns sour and can cause severe poisoning. It is forbidden to post salted lard for blueberries. Salt for all kinds of birds is a deadly poison! You can not pour fried seeds and nuts into the feeder, especially with an expired shelf life. Rancid seeds cause severe liver disease. Great harm is caused to birds (including unpretentious pigeons) by chips, half-eaten fatty belyashi and pies.
Pet stores sell ready-made mixes for grain-eating and insectivorous birds. You can feed birds in small quantities with dry oat flakes and fresh millet. Wild birds like to eat dry watermelon and melon seeds. Rowan, elder, hawthorn, snowberry, sea buckthorn, a favorite delicacy of bullfinches and waxwings. Fresh crushed Apple will also be to their taste. Jays and dubonos also like peanuts (necessarily without salt and pepper and not fried). Titmice prefer to eat unsalted lard or butter in the cold.
They feed the birds from the end of November to the end of April.
Wild waterfowl are fed only when extreme conditions occur (severe freezing of reservoirs, at low temperatures). If you actively feed them in the fall, there is a high risk that the birds will not fly away for the winter. Ducks can be fed grain, pouring it on the ice, in small quantities – bread.
By feeding wild birds, you protect your garden or Park. Wild birds free old trees from larvae and pupae of pests.