How much food should be given with a natural diet?
The amount of food for a dog or cat is largely an individual issue, since there may be completely different physiological conditions, starting from pregnancy, ending with a sedentary lifestyle (which is more often active). However, there should be certain guidelines. So, for a dog under the age of 6 months. (period the most active growth for most small and many large breeds) number of food should stack 7% from masses bodies, for dogs in age more 6 mo. the amount of food is reduced by half and is 3.5% by weight. The calculated amount of food is the total daily amount, i.e. it is given in 2-3 doses. For example, for a dog weighing 30 kg. Older than 6 months. the volume of the diet should be 3.5% of 30 kg and equal to 1 kg per day. Half of this 1 kg is meat and offal (500 gr.), and the other half is dairy food (500 gr.). At the same time, each dog must consume plant food, which is a mandatory component of the diet necessary for the formation of normal intestinal flora. Vegetable food is given in plenty in finely ground form and raw form (cabbage, carrots, lettuce, apples, etc.). It is not recommended to feed potatoes, bananas and other sweet and starchy fruits and vegetables.
As we have already said, an important mistake in feeding animals is overfeed (less often underfeed) in this regard, owners must understand: what to consider overfeed and how to avoid it. A few tips below will help you avoid this:
After eating the calculated amount of food, the bowl should be empty. Even a small amount of uneaten food indicates that even the amount eaten was already excessive and you should reduce the amount so that it is eaten completely.
The animal eats “favorite” food, and from other food (for example., kefir) refuses. Fastidiousness is a sure sign of overeating. The logic of a dog or cat is simple: why eat cottage cheese, if there is enough meat.
A dog or cat eats all the contents of the bowl, but it gains weight (it is not about the growth of a young animal). In this case, you should reduce the diet as well.
The animal eats all the contents of the bowl, but does not eat from the proposed food in addition or shows signs of saturation (satiety). It is necessary to reduce the diet, since it is normal to eat more even after the calculated norm, to remain a little hungry. This condition is normal, you can not bring the animal to a state of satiety.
A dog or cat eats the required amount of food, but at the same time loses weight beyond the acceptable conditions. This indicates a lack of food and norms should be increased.
Here it is necessary to specify what is considered the norm of weight, overweight and underweight. It’s very simple there is a scheme for evaluating the exterior of the animal for the presence or absence of fat deposits.
Normal is the weight of a dog or cat, when you can feel the ribs with your fingers, the ribs should not be visible, easy to feel with your fingers. When examining a dog in a standing position on the side, the abdominal area should be tightened, i.e. it should not be the same diameter as the chest. Upon inspection of the dog on top of the abdomen must be after the last rib should be the chest.
If your dog or cat does not meet the above parameters, it is likely that the animal’s weight is excessive or insufficient. If it matches, the weight is close to normal. You can only use weighing to track weight reduction or increase, but you can’t use the weight specified in the breed standards, they are very relative and almost always higher than medical standards.
The above recommendations for feeding standards are absolutely valid for most breeds of dogs and cats in a state of health. For some conditions or breeds, as well as changes may be needed for various diseases, you may need to make dietary adjustments that you can agree with your veterinarian.